Ernest Belfort Bax
Bax, Ernest Belfort (23 July 1854 - 26 November 1926)
Bax, who was born in Leamington, England, to a nonconformist religious family, became an eminent British socialist journalist and philosopher.
He combined Karl Marx's views with those of Eduard von Hartmann, Immanuel Kant, and Arthur Schopenhauer. With William Morris he founded the English Socialist League. For a time he was joint editor of the Commonwealth and, later, of Justice. He translated Kant’s Prolegomena (1883). In his Problems of Men, Mind, and Morals (1912), Bax remarks that “for those who accept Socialism . . . it is scarcely possibly to conscientiously describe themselves as Christians, or even Theists.” Bax preferred atheist to agnostic.
An antifeminist, he wrote articles in The New Age in which he opposed women's suffrage.
In 1908 he wrote The Legal Subjection of Men as a response to John Stuart Mill's 1869 essay. "The Subjection of Women." In 1913 he published an essay, The Fraud of Feminism, detailing feminism's adverse effects. Section titles included "The Anti-Man Crusade," "The 'Chivalry' Fake," "Always The 'Injured Innocent," and "Some Feminist Lies and Fallacies."