Elizabeth Palmer Peabody

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Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (16 May 1804 - 3 January 1894)

A teacher and writer who edited The Dial, Peabody was prominent in the Transcendentalist movement.

Her West Street Book Shop in Boston became the gathering place for transcendentalists and other reformers. Margaret Fuller’s conversations for women were held there in the early 1840s.

She organized in 1860 the first kindergarten in Boston. In close connection with William Ellery Channing, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Bronson Alcott, she emphasized in her thoughts and works the possibility of the nurture and full development of a child’s, or any individual’s, inherent capacity for good, based on what her mentor Channing called a “likeness to God.”

Peabody published pamphlets of the Anti-Slavery Society and several of Hawthorne’s early works. She was greatly respected by religious and philosophic liberals of her day.

(See Enrique Krause’s “In Memory of Octavio Paz,” The New York Review of Books, 28 May 1998.)


Crimes of the House of Austria (1852)
Kindergarten Culture (1870)
Kindergarten in Italy (1872)
Reminiscences of Dr. Channing (1880)
Letters to Kindergarteners (1886)

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