Chester Bowles (5 April 1901 - 15 May 1986)
Bowles, who was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, attended Choate Rosemary Hall in Wallingford, Connecticut, graduating in 1919, then graduated from Yale University in 1924 with a Bachelor of Science.
After becoming a reporter, he was hired as a copy writer at George Batton Company, a New York City advertising agency.
In 1929 he joined forces with his friend, William Benton, to establish an advertising agency, Benton & Bowles. The business was a success and their clients included Proctor & Gamble and Maxwell House. By 1935 the Benton and Bowles agency was the sixth-largest advertising firm in the world.
After Pearl Harbor Bowles attempted to join the U.S. Navy but failed his medical because of an ear problem and was offered the post as director of the Office of Price Administration in Connecticut. In 1943 President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed him as general manager of the Federal Price Administration. In 1946 President Harry Truman appointed him as director of the Office of Economic Stability.
He also published the book, Tomorrow Without Fear (1946). Bowles also worked for the UN Appeal for Children in Europe before being elected as Governor of Connecticut in 1949. At the end of his term Truman appointed him as ambassador to India and Nepal.
A liberal Democrat and a Unitarian, Bowles was elected to the Eighty-sixth Congress (January, 1959-January, 1961). President John F. Kennedy appointed him as his Undersecretary of State, then found Bowles was highly critical of Kennedy's decision to go ahead with the Bay of Pigs operation. From 1963 to 1969, Bowles was Ambassador to India (1963-1969).
At the age of 85, Bowles suffered a stroke in Essex, Connecticut, where he is buried in River View Cemetery.
Books by Bowles
- Tomorrow Without Fear (1946)
- Ambassador's Report (1954)
- The New Dimensions of Peace (1955)
- Africa's Challenge to America (1956)
- What Negroes Can Learn From Gandhi (1958)
- Ideas, People, and Peace (1958)
- The Coming Political Breakthrough (1959)
- The Conscience of a Liberal (1962)
- The Makings of a Just Society (1963)
- Promises to Keep: My Years in Public Life (1971)